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Kilim - a carpet with a rich history (29 photos)


Originally, this name unites a whole category of handicrafts - incredibly popular smooth woven carpets. Their highlight is the possibility of two-sided use: when one surface wears out, the carpet is turned over, and it again looks like new. Products attract exclusive performance, color, practicality and the ability to use even those who suffer from allergies (especially if you pay attention to analogues made of synthetic yarn).




The operational benefits of lint-free carpets

Floor decoration is actively used for decoration of country houses and standard apartments, it can be used to organize a harmonious zoning of premises. The choice is extremely wide, there are traditionally Oriental models with plant-animal ornaments and in a European style laconic or completely plain. All of them are united by the following significant advantages:

  • the cost of products varies in a wide range and depends on the composition, size and features of the performance;
  • ease of maintenance - compared to simple carpets, dust-less dust is less accumulated on a lint-free surface, pollution is not eaten;
  • artificial kilim is hypoallergenic, it can be fearlessly laid in the children's room;
  • no lint contributes to the special practicality of carpets - they are easy to clean, can be used in any dry room, they are not deformed during operation;
  • a variety of designs and shades, a rich assortment allow flexible use of products for solving style interior tasks.



Appearance history

Carpet manufacturing technology originated in ancient Persia, now it is the territory of Iran. The first mention of such an eastern floor covering is more than 2.5 thousand years old, and the kilim carpet, created 2 thousand years ago, has been preserved to this day; it was found in the middle of the last century by Russian archaeologists in Siberia. This wool canvas contains images of animals, it can be seen in the Hermitage collection.






Types of key materials

The most common kilims made of wool, they cover the carpets and walls, in addition to the aesthetic load, they additionally warm the room. There are models of cotton, Persian silk carpets, semi-silk, linen or hemp (the last two varieties have a coarser texture, however, they are in demand in hot southern regions). Of the synthetic should be isolated nylon, acrylic, viscose - excellent wear-resistant specimens that do not cause allergic reactions. They are cheaper than natural analogs, but outwardly and in terms of tactile characteristics are not inferior to them in anything.



The introduction of ancient technologies

Despite the unrestrained progress of the industry under consideration, the methods of manufacturing that had been established in ancient times remained almost unchanged. Weave carpets on horizontal and vertical looms. The latter look like strong wooden frames, on which the warp threads are stretched. These devices greatly facilitate the handiwork of masters, they work out the patterns and colors more precisely along the lines, and as a result they make pictorial products with floral patterns and intricate floral ornaments. In France, on similar machines weaved milflera, tapestries, tapestries.
In turn, semi-mechanical and mechanical horizontal devices are designed for the manufacture of carpets with geometric patterns.



Thanks to the spread of the technologies in question, the Ukrainian language has developed its own interpretation of the word “kilim” - a nap or smooth, woven or printed woven carpet with a Persian or Ukrainian national pattern. In Russia, Ukrainian bilateral bilateral smooth products, decorated in the traditional folk style, are often referred to as kilims. So much so that this name has taken root in the professional environment among Russians.




The possibilities of using kilims

As mentioned above, kilim carpet can be an excellent thermal insulation supplement for a floor or wall. Its use is not accompanied by additional troubles, therefore it is preferred by those who do not like bare floors, but are not ready to put up with the defects of the products with a pile. Bilateral models can be the highlight of the interior - they are bright, original, in most cases do not have exact copies (they are not taken to replicate).

Fragments of kilims become the basis for the manufacture of original women's jewelry and accessories, they successfully decorate outerwear. Strong ethnic bags and bags are sewn from thin carpets, which can be successfully combined with other items of modern urban wardrobe.




Features of care for double-sided coating

Often, a lint-free carpet is used to decorate the floor in the kitchen, and here, in conditions of intensive use, cleaning the kilim is becoming a frequent occurrence. The profile market offers an extensive range of cleaning products intended for the treatment and gentle cleansing of this particular category of products, so you can safely say that there will be no difficulties with care, but you need to remember what you can not do:

  • use aggressive chemicals for analogues from natural base:
  • rinse the carpet with hot water;
  • apply brushes with a hard artificial pile;
  • leave stains for later, that is, do not remove them immediately upon occurrence.

If coffee is spilled on the coating, moisture is collected using a soft cloth, and further cleaning of the kilim is to wash the soiled area with a soft brush with a small amount of shampoo. If the stain has managed to dry, glycerin should be rubbed into it overnight and removed in the morning with a mild soap solution. Blood, as is the case with clothes, is removed with cold water: the problem area is covered with a fairly wet cloth, which will gradually absorb the pollutant. After a few hours, the coating is treated with a soft brush.




When pets live in the house, even a lint-free carpet will eventually collect wool. In this case, the coating is first thoroughly cleaned with a vacuum cleaner, and then it must be manually processed with a sticky roller or pieces of adhesive tape - this base perfectly removes wool and other minor contaminants from any surfaces.




Long service life and manual work are the key benefits of the kilim. If quality material was taken as the basis, the product will retain the original structure and brightness of colors for more than half a century, the main thing is to protect it from excessive moisture and direct sunlight.