Decorative vines for the garden are actively used both in professional landscape design and in decorating the dacha. The popularity and demand for such plants is not surprising, because the plantings of flowering vines look very impressive, and care for them does not require special skills and expensive fertilizers.
Climbing plants can decorate any part of the house, create an original flower garden and zone the space. Depending on the desired result, you can plant climbing, flowering, shade and other types of plants. And if you want to enjoy the beauty of green spaces for several seasons, you should think about purchasing perennial seedlings.
The main characteristics of vines
Woody and grassy, flowering and non-flowering, annuals and perennial - any kind of garden vines will be a worthy decoration and continuation of the designed design. Here are some facts about this amazing living decor:
- The common name of these plants is derived from the French word "liane" ("bind").
- Due to the large number of species and subspecies, you can create any decoration for the front garden, cottage and garden plots.
- In order to give the desired shape to the vines, a special support is made, on which the antennae of the plants rise upward and there leaves and flowers bloom.
- The rainforests are considered the homeland of lianas The brought samples were subjected to a selective breeding method, due to which most species were cultivated and adapted for reproduction and development in almost every corner of the world.
- During the "move" to Europe, many plant species have lost the properties to create impassable thickets. In the wild, creepers for the garden will not be able to form lush thickets that their tropical counterparts are famous for.
Classification of vines
It must be said that this word does not give the right to divide plants into varieties. Liana is a vital form of plants, a feature that distinguishes them from other representatives of the flora. Today, they are conventionally divided into two main groups: perennial and annual lianas.
In the variety of both varieties are found both fruit and ornamental plants. Let's look at the main species that are most common in our country, with particular emphasis on perennial vines.
To date, there are several hundred species of vines, whose life expectancy is only a few months from the time of planting in the spring until the first autumn frosts. The most popular among them are summer residents and landscape designers who consider ipomeyu, decorative beans, passionflower, etc.
What can unite these plants in one group besides "short life"? Scientists studying plants will easily answer this question. For example, in almost all liana species, the stems do not have lateral branches. But an inexperienced lover of flora will notice that they are all equally beautiful during flowering.
Annual lianas are often used to decorate balconies and terraces. Dachnitsa love to grow them to design a hedge. As for the requirements, these beautiful climbing plants should be planted on the sunny side of the soil, which is often subjected to digging. To create a unique decor on the plot, you can create compositions of 2-3 types of vines.
During planting seeds, it is important to ensure that they do not crumble near flower beds and flower beds. Young unpretentious shoots quickly grow thick undergrowth and displace other flowers.
One-year climbing vines are quite patient and do not require special care. The only thing I would like to note is the fact that the vertical support must be built at the stage of sowing. Formed roots, if you start building a structure during the period of active development of the vine, can be damaged, which will lead to its death and destroyed hopes for a beautiful design of the garden.
Perennial creepers for the garden
On the care of these fast-growing vines worth talking separately. Some types of flowers require warming for the winter, so in order for them to delight you next year, take care of this in the fall during the harvest season from the dacha.
These blooming garden vines top the list of gardeners' most beloved plants for a reason. Beautiful buds they delight guests and owners of the site from mid-summer to late autumn. Flowering is different pomp and riot of colors.
Climbing rose loves sunlight very much, so in the shade it always feels very bad. To create a strong support is better to use natural materials, in particular, wood. Metal constructions contribute to the freezing of the plant during the frosty winter months.
I must say that this time is the strongest test for the vines. Rose loves warmly. Born in a favorable climate, it is not able to withstand frost, therefore, during the harvest period, pour plenty of sawdust at the site, which will protect the roots from freezing. The stems must be wrapped with non-woven material, which will provide reliable protection during the cold winter.
In early spring, the insulation is removed, and the dry branches are cut with garden scissors. Do not forget to thin out the bushes once every three years, otherwise young shoots will wither and the vine will give fewer flowers.
These evergreen garden vines are characterized by amazing flowering. The buds can be compared with a gramophone trumpet, they are perfectly combined with the pleasant light green color of the foliage.
Kapsis surprises with its durability and excellent tolerance of cold and frost. However, he has a certain peculiarity - the vine is restored for a long time after winter, for which it is often called the "sleeping beauty". But this plant blooms all summer and first month of autumn.
As for the care, everything is surprisingly simple and easy. The only thing you need to pay attention to is planting seedlings. If the caps will not like the weather and the temperature of the soil, the young shoot may wither. But even when the vine looks lifeless and sad, do not rush to write it off to the nearest dustbin. Perhaps the plant just needs more time to adapt, and after a couple of weeks it will begin to actively grow and develop.
Kapsis grows very quickly. In the first few years of life, shoots can stretch by 10 meters, and in a few more years, the landscaping will go wide. In order to avoid strong growth, experienced gardeners advise placing the plant in a "frame", or rather, it should be developed in a separate, fenced-in area.
These green plantations have a large enough weight, so the support for vertical growth should be strong, but you can not cut the haircut at all until the plant becomes untidy.
This perennial vine is striking in its unpretentiousness and beauty. In the spring, the plant is actively developing and pleases the eye with lush, soft green foliage, and in the fall the new growth acquires a crimson color. This evergreen plant continues its development in the winter - at this time berries appear on it in a bright orange color.
Actinidia is very difficult to name a shade-tolerant liana. She loves a lot of sunshine, thanks to which this amazing color of leaves appears. To decorate the site, choose its north-east, east and west sides.
If the climate is different not in the warmest springs, the vine should be planted on the north side of the house or fence. Due to the lack of light, actinidia begins to bloom later than usual, buds appear later, which protects the plant from unexpected spring frosts.
Curly wild grapes perfectly clings to the walls, which allows you to create truly unique and intricate designs. It is so effectively braiding its support with its leaves, that the surface under the undergrowth is not visible at all. Especially beautiful this vine looks in the fall, when its leaves become red.
The plant feels great anywhere in the area, the main thing for it is to have reliable support. Liana has a fairly large weight, so, for example, slats made of wood can withstand the pressure of only a young plant. Most often in the construction for wild grapes are used nets, fittings and ropes.
After the color has passed, the first berries begin to appear on the plant. Later, closer to the frosts, the grapes shed their entire leaves, leaving only juicy fruits.
Unpretentiousness of the plant lies in the absence of care. You only need to cut off unnecessary branches that do not fit into the big picture. The only thing to watch out for is young growth. Grapes, falling on the ground, in the spring can turn into young shoots that appear in the most unexpected places.
In the understanding of many gardeners, this plant is associated with a bush. It's a delusion. Today there are a huge number of plant varieties, including lianas.
Not all honeysuckle fruit can be eaten. Some species are distinguished by an incredible aroma, beautiful flowering and the original color of the foliage, and not juicy and tasty berries. Honeysuckle buds usually open in the evening and, exuding a magnificent smell, attract a large number of butterflies, which only complement the aesthetic appeal of a hedge or a country house.
To grow this plant is a true pleasure for the gardener. It does not require special care, and the soil is unbiased. Honeysuckle grows best in loamy and sandy soils, in places where there is a lot of heat and sunlight.
Honeysuckle bypass many types of pests, and winter for her does not pose any danger. After frosts, young growth can freeze, so in the fall the plant must be removed from the support, covered with non-woven material and attached with clothespins. If the winters are characterized by heavy snowfall, the biennial plant can not cover.
Cutting vines should be done once a year - in late autumn. For successful development next year, the honeysuckle will cut the top and shoots lying on the ground.