Each grower is not alien to the desire as soon as possible to see the fruit of their labors. One of the most appreciative of plants is dieffenbachia - a tropical plant that has been cultivated as an indoor plant for over a hundred years.
The spectacular member of the aroid family, the indoor flower dieffenbachia, deservedly enjoys the recognition of gardeners. The natural environment of this plant are humid tropics and subtropics, but it perfectly acclimatized in the office or a normal apartment. The fast-growing, large, with succulent stems plant with beautiful foliage (bright green or variegated, interspersed with white, yellow or light green color) has become a worthy decoration of offices and greenhouses.
Popular office and apartment views
Lovers got accustomed to various types of Dieffenbachia, bush and stem. Most running:
- Spotted. Perhaps the most common representative. Reaches up to two meters in height, leaf width up to 12 cm with petiole length up to 40 cm. White or yellowish spots of irregular shape evenly distributed over the whole leaf. Blooms; the first flowering occurs no earlier than after two years of cultivation. To see the flower of dieffenbachia is considered to be the luck of the grower, this gift can only be obtained by providing quality care at home. A seemingly spikelet in the form of a cob, wrapped in the bosom of a leaf, can also give fruit to the most persistent pollinators: reddish berries.
- Large leaf Differs monotonous green color, the height of the stem - up to one meter. The leaf is large, ovoid.
- Dieffenbachia Bauman. The leaves of this species are covered with a small marble pattern, up to seventy centimeters in size.
- Dieffenbachia Vesuvius. It has narrow elongated leaves, is considered the most variegated.
- Dieffenbachia Leopold. On a short stalk light green leaves are placed 35 cm long, with a clearly pronounced white stripe in the center.
- Spray. A plant with a slight spotting, a large white vein in the center of the leaf, up to 70 cm vistom, giving abundant bushy growth.
Features planting dieffenbachia
How to plant dieffenbachia? You need to start with the dishes, which will grow expensive heart plant. Knowing which of the varieties of dieffenbachy managed to get a bush or a high-growing, we can choose the type of pot.
For the bush form of the pot does not matter, more attention should be paid to the volume and height. The pot should be wide so that the expected young shoots have free space for growth. As the space is filled, we are transplanting a bush with a full replacement of land or transshipment with partial replacement and the necessary expansion of the “living space”.
Caring care: simple tips
Diffenbachia at home can not just grow, but also to bloom, bear fruit and multiply in various ways.
How to water dieffenbachia? The main thing is not to overwet the soil. The cultivation of dieffenbachia should be carried out in pots with good drainage and in the soil of a special composition containing 1 part of sand, two parts of peat, two parts of sod land and 1 part of humus. Turf carefully check for the presence of insect larvae and worms, so you do not look for the cause, why the leaves dry and whether the plant has a mysterious disease. For drainage it is better to use expanded clay or broken brick.
All tropical plants are more or less poisonous. In case of unsuccessful ingestion of dieffenbachia juice to the skin, irritation in the form of redness may develop, and contact with the eyes may cause temporary blindness. From young children, of course, dieffenbachia should be removed away. But the benefits it brings a lot more than expected. It turns out that dieffenbachia at home has the unique ability to purify the air from benzene and fromaldehyde, turning the atmosphere of a city apartment into the purest air of Amazonia. Observing reasonable care can enjoy this magnificent plant that turns our home into a green kingdom.
Favorite plant: how to protect
Like all houseplants, dieffenbachia is susceptible to diseases and infections with ticks and other insects. How to grow a healthy plant?